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History and Innovators COOK
CESARE GIANTURCO (1905-1995), radiologist, was born in Naples, Italy. He graduated in medicine from the University of Naples in 1927. He was resident radiologist at the University of Rome from 1927 to 1929, resident pathologist at the University of Berlin from 1929 to 1930, and radiology fellow at the Mayo Clinic from 1930 to 1934. His postgraduate work in radiology and physiology was at the University of Minnesota during 1933. Dr. Gianturco was a founding member and Chief of Radiology at the Carle Hospital and Clinic from 1934 to 1968, when he became Professor of Radiology at the University of Texas System Cancer Center, M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, where he remained as consultant in Diagnostic Radiology.

Cesare Gianturco researched balloon angioplasty technology in 1967, outfitting cannula with a shrink tube balloon. With associates J.H. Anderson and S. Wallace, he first published regarding arterial occlusion using coiled spring "wooly tails" in 1975. Dr. Gianturco has pioneered some ingenious, simple solutions to complex medical problems. His developments include the "bird's nest" vena cava clot filter and biliary and vascular stents, utilizing percutaneous entry placement techniques. Dr. Gianturco received the gold medal of the Radiological Society of North America in 1970.

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